Jewellery Care & FAQ
Below are our recommended tips to keep your jewellery clean and sparkling. If you have specific questions on how to care for the jewellery we created for you, contact us.
Please do not expose your gems and pearls to chemicals - like hairspray, perfume, swimming pools, the ocean and polishing compounds.
Sterling Silver (non-plated) Jewellery
Our favourite silver cleaner can be made at home with Sunlight dishwashing detergent and baking soda.
Combine equal parts of Sunlight and baking soda to make a paste. Gently rub the paste on your silver piece. Use a soft-bristle toothbrush to access small corners. Avoid contact with gemstones and pearls. Rinse in warm water. Dry immediately as sterling silver tarnishes when humid.
Polish and protect your jewellery with our polishing cloth. Loaded with polishing and anti-tarnish agents, it will give your jewellery a lasting shine.
This works wonders on both polished and textured surfaces. Try it today and make your jewellery look new again!
If the tarnish spots persist on your sterling silver jewellery, apply a small amount of our favourite silver polishing compound Flitz, as follows:
- While wearing protective gloves, apply the Flitz with a soft cloth. Rub it well on your silver jewellery so that it removes tarnish while imparting anti-tarnish agents. Deep spots may require two or three applications.
- Make sure there is no paste residue remains before putting it in contact with skin and clothing.
- Do no apply Flitz to any gemstones or pearls.
To remove tarnish from sterling silver chains, try dipping them in a solution such as Town Talk Silver Sparkle. Please beware that this solution is extremely potent. Be sure to wear protective rubber gloves and avoid any exposure to gemstones and pearls as the solution will corrode them. This solution may stain stainless steel surfaces so it's best to open the jar on a protective plate. Rinse the silver chain thoroughly after dipping them.
Gold or Rhodium Plated Jewellery
Use a soft micro-fibre cloth to clean our designs handcrafted in bronze or silver and plated in gold or rhodium. Persistent spots may be buffed lightly with our polishing cloth.
To preserve the plating for as long as possible, do no immerse your plated jewellery in water, especially chlorinated or salt-water pools.
Do not apply any polishing compounds to plated jewellery as they will remove the plating.
Make your diamonds sparkle again by cleaning them in warm water mixed with a small amount of Sunlight dishwashing detergent and the help of a soft bristle toothbrush.
Gold and Platinum
Gold and platinum do not tarnish and should require minimal care. Clean your jewellery with warm soapy water and dry it gently with a soft microfibre cloth.
Be extra gentle when cleaning white gold jewellery as it is often plated with rhodium to give it an even brighter white finish.
Avoid exposing your solid gold jewellery to chlorinated or salt water pools as the chemicals may react with and discolour your gold. Should this take place, we can re-polish your gold to restore its shine.
Can you tell me more about the gemstones you use?
ALEXANDRITE (June) is a chameleon-like gemstone that displays a green colour in day or fluorescent light and changes to purplish red in incandescent light. Alexandrite deposits were first discovered in Russia in 1830 and the stone was named after Czar Alexander II. Mohs' hardness 8.5.
AMAZONITE is a member of the feldspar group which also includes moonstone and labradorite. It is named after the Amazon because of its green colour. Mohs' hardness: 6-6.5.
AMBER is the fossilized, hardened resin of the pine treee, Pinus succinifera, formed mainly about 50 million years ago and found mostly in the Baltic. Younger amber specimens have also been found in the Dominican Republic. Mohs' hardness: 2-2.5.
AMETHYST (February) is the most highly valued stone in the quartz species which also includes citrine, tiger's eye, carnelian, and agate. Its purple color is determined by its iron content and caused it to be associated with Bacchus, the god of wine in ancient Greek legends. Historically worn as an amulet against drunkeness, the name ‘amethyst’ means ‘not drunken’ in Greek. In keeping with early beliefs that amethyst keeps its wearers clear-headed and quick-witted in battle and in business, fine amethyst adorns the fingers of bishops and coronation regalia of British royalty. Mohs' harness: 7.
AQUAMARINE (March) is a member of the beryl species which also includes emerald. The name ‘aquamarine’ means ‘water of the sea’ in Latin reflecting the stone’s cool blue-green color. Medieval sages prescribed water touched by aquamarine to cure ills affecting the eyes and lungs. They also promised the virtues of insight and foresight to its wearers. Brazil supplies most of today's aquamarine. Mohs' hardness: 7.5-8.
BLUE LACE is one of the most popular types agates because of its beautiful light blue colour. Blue lace is mostly found in Africa although a small deposit was recently found in southern British Columbia. Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.
BRONZITE is a variation of the enstatite stone, whose name is derived from the Greek word for 'resistor' because it does not melt easily. A high iron content lends bronzite its metallic luster. Mohs' hardness: 5.2.
CARNELIAN is a member of the chalcedony (cryptocrystalline) quartz species. Carnelian is likely named after the kornel cherry because of its orange-red color. Ancient civilazations believed that carnelian transformed poor or timid speakers into eloquent ones. Mohs' hardness 6.5-7.
CHALCEDONY is the term used to refer to all varieties of the cryptocrystalline (micro crystals) quartz species and specifically to the blue-green variety. The stone was named after the Turkish seaport of Chalcedon (now Kadikoy). In the 3rd and 4th centuries, Greek sailors wore chalcedony amulets as protection against drowning. Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.
CITRINE (November) is a member of the quartz species which also includes amethyst, rose quartz, tiger's eye. Its name is derived from the Latin word 'citrus,' a fruit closely related to lemon. Citrine deposits are found in Brazil, Madagascar, and the United States. Mohs' hardness: 7.
CORAL is composed of the remains of branch-like support structures that were built by colonies of tiny marine animals called coral polyps, which are close relatives of the coral reef builders. Coral is found at depths of 3-300m in the ocean. First century Romans used it to ward off evil and to impart wisdom. Coral is still worn in modern-day Italy as protection against the 'evil eye' and as a cure for sterility. Mohs' hardness: 3-4.
DIAMOND (April) is the hardest mineral on earth. Its name is derived from the Greek word 'adamas' which means 'the unconquerable.' Due to its optical effects, high hardness, and rarity, the diamond is considered the king of gemstones. Diamond mines have been found in India, Africa, Brazil, Australia and Canada. Mohs' hardness: 10.
EMERALD (May) is the most precious stone in the beryl group which also includes aquamarine and morganite. Its lush green colour is obtained from chromium. Its name is derived from the Greek word 'smaragdos' which means 'green stone.' Emerald was first mined in Egypt in 300 BC. Cleopatra was known to have a passion for the stone and used it in her royal adornments. Mohs' hardness: 7.5-8.
GARNET (January) is a term used to describe a group of coloured minerals with similar crystal structure and related chemical composition. The most popular members are pyrope (red with brown tint), and almandite (red with violet tint). The name is derived from the Latin word for 'grain' because of the red crystals' similarity to the red kernels of the pomegranate. Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.5.
HEMATITE obtains its name from the Greek word 'haima' which means 'blood.' When cut into very thin plates, hematite is red and transparent; when polished, it is metallic and shiny. Hematite is composed of iron oxide, making it chemically equal to common rust. People in ancient cultures believed hematite would ensure victory in lawsuits and favourable judgements from kings. Romans believed hematite protected a warrior who rubbed it on his body. Mohs' hardness: 5.5-6.5.
IOLITE is most frequently found in its blue form. However, its name means 'violet' in Greek and is derived from a less-common colour variation. Iolite is strongly pleochroic which means that it shows different colours including gray, violet, and yellow when viewed from different angles. Mohs' hardness: 7-7.5.
JADE is used to describe 2 different minerals: jadeite and nephrite. Jadeite is very tough and resistant because it is composed of tiny interlocking grains. Jadeite is found in several colours including green, yellow, orange and lavender. The name 'jade' comes from the Spanish expression 'piedra de ijada' meaning 'hip stone' and was named by Spanish explorers upon seeing Maya and Aztec natives holding pieces of jade to cure aches and pains. Nephrite is a dense and fibrous aggregate of a variety of minerals and is even tougher than jadeite. Nephrite means 'kidney' in Greek and it was historically believed to protect against and cure kidney disease. Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.
JASPER is a member of the quartz species. Its name means 'spotted stone' in Greek and uniformly coloured jasper is rare. The finely grained, dense jasper contains up to 20% foreign materials including fossils, which determine its colour and appearance. Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.
KYANITE means 'blue' in Greek. Deposits are found in Burma, Brazil, Kenya, Austria, Switzerland, Zimbabwe, and the United States. Mohs' hardness: 4-4.5 along its axis and 6-7 across it.
LABRADORITE is a member of the feldspar group (Amazonite, Moonstone). It is named after the peninsula of Labrador in Canada, where it was first found. Labradorite is known for its 'Labradorescence' or 'schiller' effect, an irridescence in metallic blue and green hues. Labradorite deposits are found in Canada, Australia, Madagascar, Mexico, Russia and the US. Mohs' hardness: 6-6.5.
LAPIS LAZULI is composed of several minerals including lazurite (25-40%), enstatite, pyrite, and calcite. For this reason, lapis lazuli is considered a rock instead of a mineral. Its name means 'blue stone' in Latin derived from the stone's blue colour which it obtains from sulfur. The deposits of finest quality have been found in Afghanistan. During the Middle Ages, it was also used as a pigment to produce ultramarine. Mohs' hardness: 5-6.
MALACHITE obtains its green colour from copper. The ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans used malachite in jewellery, as amulets and as a powder for eye shadow. During the Middle Ages, people in Europe hung malachite on cradles to assure peaceful sleep for their children and protect them from witchcraft. Mohs' hardness: 3.5-4.
MOONSTONE is a member of the feldspar group (amazonite, labradorite). It is colorless and translucent with a white shimmer reminiscent of moonshine (hence its name). According to Hindu mythology, moonstone is made of solidified moonbeans. Mohs' hardness: 6-6.6.
MOTHER OF PEARL is the inner irridescent layer of a mollusk or snail shell which may or may not be used to culture pearls. Mother-of-pearl is most frequently found in white, reflecting the colour of most pearls. However, mother-of-pearl of black Tahitian pearls is naturally dark. Another well-known mother-of-pearl specimen is the Paua abalone from New Zealand, which has a blue-green irridescent play of colours.
ONYX is used to identify 2 different types of stones: black onyx and onyx marble. Black onyx is a type of uniformly colored black agate with a Mohs' hardness of 6.5-7. Marble onyx is a limestone formed by the minerals calcite and aragonite. Marble onyx is always found in layered form and has a Mohs' hardness of 3.5-4.
OPAL (October) has the special characteristic of a 'play-of-colour,' a display of rainbow-like hues which change with the observation angle. As a result of this optical phenomenom, Arabic legends say it falls from the heavens in flashes of lightning. The ancient Greeks believed opals gave their owners the gift of prophecy and guarded them from disease. Mohs' hardness: 5-6.5.
PEARLS (June) are formed inside saltwater oysters and freshwater mussels as a result of an irritant inserted between the shell of the mollusk and the mantle, the pearl's tissue. The pearly luster is produced by a film of conchiolin near its surface. This formation also causes the interference of light and the resulting irridescent colours (called orient) that can be observed on the pearl's surface. Freshwater pearls are cultured from large mussels (20x11cm) which can hold up to 20 pearls. While the pearl's Mohs' hardness is 2.5-4.5, pearls are extraordinarily compact, and it is very difficult to crush them.
PERIDOT (August) was mostly formed deep inside the Earth and was brought to the surface by volcanoes. It is similar in composition to 'Olivine' which came to the Earth in meteorites. The word 'peridot' was derived from the Arabic 'faridat' which means 'gem.' Peridot was brought to Central Europe by the crusaders in the Middle Ages, and was often used for ecclesiastical purposes. Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.
QUARTZ is the name used for a group of minerals of the same chemical composition and similar physical properties. Quartz is found in a variety of colours (cherry, green, rose, smokey). The term 'quartz' means 'hard' in Slavic. Mohs' hardness: 7.
ROCK CRYSTAL is a member of the quartz species and is colourless and transparent. The name crystal comes from the Greek term for 'ice,' as it was believed that rock crystal was eternally frozen. Mohs' hardness: 7.
RUBY (July) belongs to the corundum (sapphire) species which comprises the hardest minerals after diamond. Its name was derived from the Latin word 'ruber' which means 'red colour.' People in India believed that rubies enabled their owners to live in peace with their enemies. Warriors in Burma (now Myanmar) wore rubies to make themselves invincible in battle. Medieval Europeans wore rubies to guarantee health, wealth, wisdom and love. Mohs' hardness: 9.
SAPPHIRE (September) belongs to the corundum species (as is ruby), which comprises the hardest minerals after diamond. The name sapphire means 'blue' in Greek and was applied to various blue stones until the Middle Ages. Today, corundums of any colour except red are called sapphire. In ancient Greece and Rome, kings and queens believed blue sapphires protected their owners from envy and harm. During the Middle Ages, the clergy wore saphires to symbolize Heaven, and ordinary folks thought the gem attracted heavenly blessings. Mohs' hardness: 9.
SPINEL classifies a group of related minerals which occur in many colours: violet, blue, orange, red, pink and purple. The colouring agents are iron, chromium, vanadium, and cobalt. Mohs' hardness: 8.
TANZANITE (December) was first discovered in 1962 in northern Tanzania. Tanzanite typically shows strong pleochroism, appearing violet-blue from some directions and purple from others. Mohs' hardness: 6-7.
TIGER'S EYE is a type of quartz in which numerous fiber-like inclusions of rutile create an effect which resembles the slit eye of a cat upon reflection of light. This effect is known as 'chatoyancy.' Mohs' hardness: 6.5-7.
TOPAZ (Yellow November, Blue December) obtains its name from an island in the Red Sea formerly known as Topazos (now Zabagad). While the most common colour is yellow with a red tint, topaz is also available in blue, pink and violet. The coloring agents are iron and chromium. The ancient Greeks believed that topaz gave them strength. During the Renaissance, Europeans thought topaz could break magic spells and dispel anger. People in India have believed that topaz worn above the heart assures long life, beauty and intelligence. The biggest faceted gem ever recorded is a topaz in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution, named the 'American Golden' and weighing 22,982 cts. Mohs' hardness: 8.
TOURMALINE (October) is mostly available in a range of colours (from pink to yellow to blue) within the same crystal. Its name derived from Sinhalese word 'turamali' which means 'stone with mixed colours.' Unicolored tourmaline is quite rare. Mohs' hardness: 7-7.5. Top
TURQUOISE (December) means 'Turkish stone' because the trade route that brought it to Europe used to come via Turkey. It is one of the world's most ancient gems. Egyptian royalty wore turquoise jewellery as early as 5500 BC and Chinese artisans were carving it over 3000 years ago. Turquoise is seldom found in pure colour. The best quality deposits are found in Iran. Mohs' hardness: 5-6.
What is my birthstone?
Discover your birthstone and how you can personalize your jewellery with your birthstone and those of your loved ones.
What is my ring size?
For the most accurate measurement you should have your ring finger sized at your local jeweler. Remember to use the finger on the hand that you will wear the ring on.
You may also contact us to request a free ring sizer. Please include your name and mailing address.
If you are buying a ring as surprise for someone special and you have access to a ring that she/he currently wears on that finger, borrow that ring and determine its size using the Find My Ring Size tool. Please note that this may not result in an accurate measurement.